Urticaria, commonly called hives, is a prevalent allergic response resulting in raised, pale red swellings or plaques that spontaneously materialise on the skin.

The magnitude of the outbreak, its location on the body, duration, and causative agents vary among individuals.

Symptoms of Hives

Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is a dermatologic condition characterised by the sudden onset and rapid disappearance of wheels or raised areas on the skin.

Although, in some rare cases, hives may persist for weeks to months, they are generally short-lived.

It is estimated that approximately 20% of individuals may experience an episode of hives at some point in their lives. Clinical manifestations of hives may include:

  • It consists of red or skin-coloured welts with clearly defined borders that can appear anywhere on the body.
  • Variable sizes and shapes of bumps that appear or fade over time
  • There is a wide range of severity when it comes to itchiness.
  • Skin rash that causes pain and burning.

In most cases, hives do not pose a significant threat to life. Nevertheless, it is not unusual for hives to be accompanied by swelling in various body parts, called angioedema.

If you feel any discomfort or itching in your mouth, throat, lips, or face, and it becomes difficult to swallow or breathe, it is essential to seek prompt medical attention.

Causes of Hives

A wide range of factors can instigate the formation of hives, comprising:

  • Food or alcohol. Peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, eggs, and dairy products commonly trigger hives.
  • Plants, pollen, and pet dander are environmental allergens
  • Household cleaners and detergents, for example, contain certain chemicals
  • Bites or stings from insects
  • Prescription medications
  • Experiencing stress
  • Heat or cold exposure
  • Exercising at a very warm or freezing temperature can worsen hives.
  • Sunlight exposure
  • Acute infections
  • Pressure, scratching, or contact with the skin
  • Disorders of the immune system
  • NSAIDs, including aspirin and ibuprofen, can trigger hives.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hives

Most flare-ups of hives tend to resolve on their own within a short period, ranging from a few minutes to a few hours. 

In most cases, medical attention is not required. However, notice that your hives persist for longer than a few hours or are accompanied by angioedema (swelling of the face or airways causing difficulty in swallowing or breathing).

It may be indicative of an underlying issue that needs medical evaluation. Additionally, if your hives interfere with your daily life or sleep, it is best to seek medical advice.

If your hives last over six weeks, they are categorized as chronic urticaria.

Here at Juniper Allergy, we understand the discomfort and frustration that hives can bring. Our highly experienced physician will collaborate with you to evaluate your condition, identify potential triggers, and develop a personalized care plan that caters to your needs.

While your medical history can provide valuable insight into your condition, we may recommend additional diagnostic tests, such as skin or blood tests, to identify any underlying allergies contributing to your hives.

Our team will work with you to determine the most effective medication and prevention strategies to help alleviate symptoms and prevent future flare-ups.

We are committed to providing you with the highest care and support on your journey toward optimal health.

Contact Us

Should you require a more in-depth conversation regarding your personalised requirements, our esteemed Physician can meet and address any questions. Please contact our clinic via phone or email to arrange a consultation at your convenience.

Let Juniper Allergy help

If you suffer from Hives (urticaria) our team is happy to answer any questions you may have and discuss your specific treatment needs. You can call (210) 888-1297 or email to discuss the next steps.
Author: Dr. Amanda Trott, MD
NPI number: 1568653756
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