Anaphylaxis and Allergic Reactions

If you have frequently experienced a constantly dripping nose, unceasing sneezing, or itchy eyes, along with hives or skin irritation, you may be having an allergic reaction. It’s essential to consult a medical professional to identify the source of your allergy and receive proper treatment.

However, it is essential to highlight that more severe immune responses demand immediate medical attention.

Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal reaction that can develop after exposure to allergens such as food, insect stings, or medication.

If left untreated, it can cause life-threatening symptoms such as difficulty breathing and a dip in blood pressure. Recognising the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis is critical for getting medical assistance immediately.

At Juniper Allergy in San Antonio, we specialize in providing individualized medical care to both adults and children suffering from allergies.


Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can happen within minutes of exposure to an allergen. However, it is essential to note that symptoms can also develop 30 minutes or more after exposure.

These symptoms can vary greatly and may differ from person to person or from situation to situation. It is crucial to seek immediate medical attention if experiencing.

  • Swelling, hives, and itching
  • Skin that is very pale or flushed
  • The tongue, lips, or throat may swell, itch, or tingle
  • Tightness in the throat, difficulty swallowing
  • There is a weak or rapid pulse, dizziness, fainting, confusion, or weakness in the body.
  • Chest pain, tightness, or wheezing
  • Nose congestion or runny nose
  • Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • Having a headache

Anaphylactic shock is a heightened form of anaphylaxis that can be a severe complication. It occurs when the blood pressure drops dangerously low during an allergic reaction. This drop in blood pressure can hinder the supply of oxygen and necessary nutrients to the body.

It, in turn, can lead to severe internal organ damage and even cardiac arrest in the long run. It is essential to take immediate action in case of anaphylactic shock to prevent further damage to the body.


Causes Of Anaphylaxis

Upon initial contact with a foreign substance, your immune system may use antibodies to combat it. 
This may be helpful if the substance turns out to be harmful, but some people may react more intensely to substances than they would generally to those that don’t usually cause an allergic reaction.

There are several potential causes of anaphylaxis, including:

  • There are several types of food (such as peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, milk, eggs, wheat, and soy) in the world.
  • Medication (such as antibiotics, aspirin, or pain relievers) and intravenous contrast dye (usually used in imaging tests)
  • Bites or stings from insects such as bees, yellow jackets, wasps, hornets, and ants
  • A latex product
  • Exercising in hot, cold, or humid weather, eating certain foods before exercising, or eating certain foods before exercising

Knowing what triggers anaphylaxis is essential, as it can be life-threatening. If you’re unsure what causes your reactions, consulting with your allergist to undergo specific tests can help identify the allergen. 

Unfortunately, there are rare instances where the cause of an anaphylactic response remains a mystery, known as idiopathic anaphylaxis. 

It’s worth noting that some factors can increase your risk of experiencing an anaphylactic reaction, so being mindful of these can help prevent potential triggers.

Anaphylactic reactions in the past. You are more likely to respond differently if you have experienced anaphylaxis. Future responses have a chance to be more severe than the first reaction.

In addition, some people develop mastocytosis (an abnormal accumulation of mast cells) caused by an abnormal proliferation of mast cells.

Prevention and Treatment

If you or anybody in your area has an anaphylactic response, they must seek medical help immediately, including epinephrine and emergency treatment. Time is paramount; the sooner the affected person receives medical assistance, the better their chances of a successful outcome. 

It is critical to realise that even if symptoms lessen following epinephrine administration, a trip to the emergency hospital must verify that anaphylactic symptoms do not reoccur. 

Note any signs during an anaphylactic reaction, as your allergist will likely request this information before diagnosing or ordering tests. Avoiding allergens is the most efficient strategy to prevent anaphylactic symptoms. Your doctor might suggest further precautions if you have a history of severe allergic reactions.

  • Wear a medical alert necklace or bracelet that specifies your allergy. It is especially crucial if you have a medicine allergy.
  • Always keep an emergency medical kit on hand. 
  • You and your doctor can discuss its particular contents, but it must include a set of current epinephrine autoinjectors (a two-pack) that has yet to expire.
  • Use caution if you are allergic to stinging or biting insects. Cover exposed skin on your arms, legs, and feet, and avoid scented goods, bright colors, and sugary beverages while outside. 
  • Stay calm while approaching a stinging flying insect, and avoid regions where stinging insects may be widespread (for example, dirt mounds where ants may live).
  • In a severe allergic reaction, it is highly recommended always to carry epinephrine autoinjectors. However, it is critical to note that this medication should only be used in an emergency. 
  • Avoid contact with recognised allergens by taking preventative steps to reduce the likelihood of an allergic reaction. 

Adopting these precautions and being well-prepared can dramatically reduce the need for epinephrine administration.

Contact Us 

Our medical professional is available to provide insightful answers to any concerns you may have regarding your individual requirements. To initiate a constructive discussion, please contact us by phone or email to arrange a consultation with our doctor.
Author: Dr. Amanda Trott, MD
NPI number: 1568653756
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